Speech Pathology News: Recasting to Support Grammar

Welcome back to term 3.

Over the break the Oral Language Team began to explore an approach for supporting grammar development called Shape Coding. This approach has been scientifically studied and is used by some language development schools in the UK.

Grammar is an area which children with Developmental Language Disorders find particularly challenging and consequently, it often becomes a focus of our in class oral language sessions. Shape Coding uses a combination of colours and shapes to show the grammar in a sentence. The visual cues used in Shape Coding have been found to have a positive impact on teaching grammar but are possibly not practical for supporting correct grammar at home.

However, recasting is a strategy which can be used easily at home and has been found to be very powerful for supporting grammar. Recasting involves repeating back something your child has said incorrectly with the error corrected. For example, your child might say “I maked my bed.” and you could say back “I made my bed.”

Recasting can be made more powerful by providing lots of repetitions of the correction after the error is made. Aim for 12 recasts in the minute following the error. In the above example you could say “I made my bed. I can see you made your bed. You made it really well. You made the bed with the sheets, you made it with your doona and you made it with the pillow. I am so glad you made your bed that is really, helpful. I wonder if your brother made his bed. Who made the bed the best? I hope the dog doesn’t mess up the bed you made. Can you check if my bed is made too.  All the beds are made.” When you recast try to emphasise the part that is corrected while keeping it part of a natural interaction.

Speech Team