Speech Pathology News: Vocabulary

Vocabulary includes all the words we understand and the words we use when we talk. Children with language difficulties can find it hard to learn new words. They need lots of opportunities to hear new words before they can use them. Having a good vocabulary is also important for reading comprehension. Try some of these activities to help build your child’s vocabulary.

Monday

Name objects you use around the home and talk about what they are used for. Try and repeat the words lots of times.

  We use a hairbrush to brush your hair. The hairbrush makes your hair shiny. Put the hairbrush in your room so you can find it.”
   
Tuesday

Ask your child to name objects and actions for things you talked about on Monday.

  Simple question: “What is this?” (Holding the hairbrush)

More complex: “What do we use to brush our hair?”

 
Wednesday

Talk about actions as you or your child does them.

   “I am spreading the butter on the bread. Then I will spread the jam. I like bread spread with butter and jam.”
 
Thursday

Go for a walk in the garden, in the park or along the beach. Talk about what things look like or feel like.

  “This bark is very rough. It is a rough bark. The rough bark has fallen off the tree”
 
Friday

Explain the meaning of one or two words in books you read to your child.

  “Hush was invisible. That means they couldn’t see her.”